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The structure and working principle of waterjet pump parts poppet

2023-08-14

The structure and working principle of waterjet pump parts poppet


A poppet valve is a common type of valve used in waterjet pumps and other fluid systems. It's a type of valve that opens and closes by means of a disc or plug-like element (the poppet) that moves up and down within a valve body. Poppet valves are used to control the flow of fluid through a system by either blocking or allowing the passage of fluid.


Here's a breakdown of the structure and working principle of a poppet valve commonly used in waterjet pumps:


Structure:

Valve Body: The valve body is a housing that contains the other components of the valve. It has an inlet and an outlet where fluid flows through.


Poppet: The poppet is a disc-shaped element that fits into the valve body. It's designed to seal against a seat within the valve body to block the flow of fluid when the valve is closed.


Spring: A spring is often used to provide the force that keeps the poppet in the closed position against the seat. The spring helps to ensure a tight seal and prevent leakage.


Actuator: The actuator is responsible for moving the poppet away from the seat to open the valve. In some cases, this can be a mechanical lever, a solenoid, or another type of actuating mechanism.


Working Principle:

Closed Position: When the valve is in the closed position, the poppet is pressed against the seat by the spring force. This prevents fluid from flowing through the valve. The pressure of the fluid against the closed poppet helps to create a tight seal and prevent leakage.


Opening the Valve: When an external force is applied to the actuator, it overcomes the spring force and moves the poppet away from the seat. This creates a gap between the poppet and the seat, allowing fluid to flow through the valve.


Flow Control: The degree to which the valve is open can be controlled by adjusting the actuator. This allows for precise control of the flow rate of fluid through the valve.


Closing the Valve: When the external force on the actuator is removed, the spring force pushes the poppet back against the seat, closing the valve. The poppet seals against the seat to prevent any backflow or leakage.


Poppet valves are commonly used in waterjet pumps to control the high-pressure water flow that is used for cutting and cleaning purposes. They are reliable and can provide effective control over the flow of fluids, making them suitable for various industrial applications.